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  1. #1
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jun 2007
    Thanked 2,414 Times in 519 Posts

    10,5cm F.H Gr.Kh smoke shell for the 10,5cm Le.F.H 16, Germany, WW2

    Cutaway model of a 10,5cm F.H Gr.Kh (Feld Haubitze Granate Kammerhulse/ Field Howitzer Shell with central exploder) smoke shell, as used in the 10,5cm Le.F.H 16 (Leichte Feldhaubitze 16 / Light Field Howitzer 16). The Le.Fh.16 was a WW1 howitzer, still in active service in WW2. The maximum range was 9.225 mtrs.
    The shell consisted of a press-forged and rolled body with an in- and externallty threaded bushing screwed in top. In this bushing the nose fuze Kl.AZ.23Nb (Small nose fuze 23 smoke) is screwed. Below the fuze the Kl.Zdldg.34 (Small exploder 34) was placed in a steel bushing. This exploder consisted of a detonator, placed in a pentrite booster charge (pink). In the center of the shell body, a steel pipe is placed, housing the 0,15kg burster charge made of small stacked cilinders, meant to rip open the shell body and spread the smoke charge. The smoke charge is a 2,1 kg mixture of Pumice and SO3 oil (Sulfer trioxide). When manufacturing the shell, the pumice is placed in the shell body, the SO3 oil is cast in the shell body through the filler hole in the side and soaked up by the pumice.
    So3 oil is a fiercely producer of smoke; just one single drop will fill a room the size of a kitchen with thick smoke. Disadvantage of this type of smoke is that it is corrosive, and when inhaled it twill form sulfuric acid with the moistire in the lungs, causing pulmonary edema.

    The Kl.AZ.23.Nb nose fuze is nearly identical to the Kl.AZ.23, exept is has no 0,15 sec delay screw in the side of the fuze body. This because there is not any use in delaying the ingnition of a smoke shell after impact.

    Functioning of the Kl.AZ.23 Nb.:
    When unfired, the firing pin and the firing cap in the firing cap inertia cilinder are kept apart by a circular array of centrifucal weights, which are forced inward by an interupted circular leaf spring. Upon firing, the centrifugal weights are thrown outward, forcing the leaf spring open. The firing pin and firing cap can now reach one another. Upon direct impact, the firing pin is hammered downward into the firing cap. The flame of the firing cap ignites the detonator, igniting the entire shell. Upon graze, descelleration will throw the cilinder housing the firing cap forward into the firing pin, igniting the firing cap.

    Regards, DJH
    Attached Images Attached Images

  2. The Following 15 Users Say Thank You to pzgr40 For This Useful Post:

    blu97 (23rd April 2019), Darren (23rd April 2019), Depotman (23rd April 2019), doppz92 (23rd April 2019), Endel (25th April 2019), Fusse2004 (23rd April 2019), FZG76 (23rd April 2019), greif (23rd April 2019), HAZORD (23rd April 2019), MINENAZ16 (24th April 2019), Nabob (24th April 2019), peteblight (24th April 2019), Spgr30 (28th April 2019), tnor_fr (30th April 2019), Wlad99 (23rd April 2019)

  3. #2
    Ordnance Approved
    Join Date
    Jan 2011
    Czech Republic
    Thanked 686 Times in 360 Posts
    Another excelent cut, thank you.
    I have a little remark.
    The name of the projectile as used by the German army is F.H.Gr. Nb (Feldhaubitzengranate Nebel)
    As can be seen from the attached picture (source D.442 Die Munition der l.F.H.16 und der l.F.H.18 from 1937)
    In those days F.H.Gr. was always 10,5 cm and the caliber designation came later during the war to some F.H. projectiles.
    This designation is used also in H.Dv.481/25 (Ammunition manual/1941) and HDv 119/151 (Range tables).
    The F.H.Gr.Kh refers to the subassembly drawing number 13C1408 as seen in the D 460/2 RingbuchGeschoß (pic attached)
    This projectile body could also be used with chemical projectiles F.H.Gr. Gn. and F.H.Gr. Gb.

    Attached Images Attached Images
    any live or recovered ordnance shown in my posts was dealt with by trained EOD personnel

  4. The Following 4 Users Say Thank You to Nabob For This Useful Post:

    MINENAZ16 (24th April 2019), peteblight (24th April 2019), pzgr40 (24th April 2019), Sprockets (1st May 2019)




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